(Visited 730 times, 1 visits today) Endangered Primate Rescue Center – Vietnam. It is categorized as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. So, it is tough to detect it in the wild. It is found in numerous protected areas within its range; But conservation measures and illegal logging are plentiful and conservation measures are not specific to any species. 105 Abstract: The Bengal slow loris Nycticebus bengalensis is a nocturnal prosimian that inhabits the forests of northeastern India. Hathazari UNO, also member secretary of the Chittagong Zoo Executive Committee said the Bengal Slow Loris was doing fine at the zoo. Slow Loris species(0) Pygmy slow loris(1) Bengal slow loris(2) Sunda slow loris(3) Bornean slow loris (and others)(4) Javan slow loris(5) Tables: Description: These polygons represent the distribution of the 5 major Loris species. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. However, Das pointed out that no evidence has been observed to date that the hunting in northeast India is linked to the trade hub. Though there are several different species of Lorises, they are quite similar in shape and size. The Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) or northern slow loris is a strepsirrhine primate and a species of slow loris native to the Indian subcontinent and Indochina. Threats at large Generally, they sleep curled up like a ball, with the head tucked under their arms,” said Das of Primate Research Centre North East India. All four are expected to be listed at least simultaneously, if not high-risk, conservation status. Each of the slow loris species identified before 2012 is listed in the IUCN Red list as “weak” or “endangered.” The three new species have not yet been evaluated, but they are (and are, to some extent, reduced) considered to be single “vulnerable” species. Like all Lorises, their slow movement makes them easy to capture. This species secretes a chemically distinct toxin from other slow loris species from its brachial gland, which, when combined with their saliva, forms a powerful venom. It is categorized as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Mohali – 160062, Punjab, United States Their faces are round, their eyes are large, and they have colored patches of fur around their eyes. This nocturnal and arboreal (tree dwelling) species has a round head, small ears and large round forward facing eye… It is categorized as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. The Bengal slow loris is the largest of the slow loris species, with considerable variation of size, and coat colour. Still, it is the least studied species in India and is now getting some importance. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) classifies the Slow Loris into 5 species. Bengal Slow Loris area.png 290 × 303; 9 KB. The range of the Bengal slow loris extends from Vietnam to China, but in India, it is confined to India’s northeast. Mass awareness about Bengal slow loris and other primate species are urgently needed in their distribution ranges as people are not much aware of this nocturnal species and its role in the ecosystem as well as the importance of its conservation, said Das. An arboreal animal, the Bengal slow loris is found in almost all types of trees, but they mainly prefer those that release gum or sap. In Mong La in Myanmar on the China border, the animals were killed, dissected and dried, with the individual body parts, such as the arms, legs, skin and skeleton sold separately as medicine. Details of these activities can be found in the Vietnamese Journal of Primatology. 1756 114th AVE SE The Bengal slow loris is a little known, nocturnal, arboreal primate with a wide geographical distribution ranging from Northeast India in the west to parts of Vietnam in the east. Sometimes, they are also found in bamboo thickets. The species will be found in at least 5 protected areas in northeast India, 4 conservation ar… Formerly considered a subspecies of the Sunda slow loris (N. coucang), it was recognized as a distinct species in … The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) listed the wild animal as ‘endangered’ in its Red List of Threatened Species. Most species are around 10 inches long, though some species are larger or smaller than others. Bellevue, WA 98004. Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam Facts Summary: The Bengal Slow Loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam. Slow loris area.png 204 × 254; 23 KB. e*�+S�X}�т�)�+����@h2�3�@]*� �r1�U@��bb?��@,� �J��S��@���us�!� `�ť� j�� w�5� Bengal slow lorises are the largest of the species, weighing up to two kilograms. Notes: Photographed at the snake house in Cambodia Then when we started a project with Nabajit Das, we followed proper methods and found the animal,” Biswas said. endstream endobj 187 0 obj <>/Metadata 23 0 R/Names 205 0 R/Outlines 40 0 R/Pages 184 0 R/StructTreeRoot 41 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 188 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 4/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 189 0 obj <>stream 186 0 obj <> endobj (Visited 730 times, 1 visits today) Endangered Primate Rescue Center – Vietnam. The smaller body size in pygmy slow lorises is thought to be the result of character displacement, the accentuation of differences between similar species that share the same geographic distribution. Slow lorises are a group of primates comprising eight species occurring in South and South-East Asia. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. Unlike monkeys, they do not have long tails, but they do have a short stub of a tail. TERMS OF USE Swapna Nelaballi. It prefers rainforests with dense canopies, and its presence in its native habitat indicates a healthy ecosystem. This species is also known by … 6. Reintroduction is defined by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) ... Pygmy, and Bengal Slow Loris. A female slow loris, Nycticebus bengalensis, at the Endangered Primate Rescue Center. This is due to loss of habitat and severe pressures from hunting, there is more than 30% reduction in population over three generations. The limited information on its status and ecology is the main hindrance to developing a conservation strategy for this species in India. English: Bengal slow loris, Ashy Slow Loris, ... IUCN: Nycticebus bengalensis (Lacépède, 1800) (old web site) (Vulnerable) Media in category "Nycticebus bengalensis" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. by ; Amir Sohail Choudhury (0 ratings) 0. Among mammals available in Bangladesh, Slow Loris, Bengal Slow Loris, Bengal Loris and Northern Slow Loris remain endangered, while Hog Badger and Hog-nosed Badger remain vulnerable in both global 2020 red list and IUCN Bangladesh’s 2015 red list. The Bengal slow loris is listed as Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN, 2015), appearing on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as a result of a combination of habitat loss and severe pressures from hunting which have caused a greater than 50% reduction in their population over three generations (approximately 24 years). The pressures are causing a reduction in the population of more than 50 percent over three generations (approximately 24 years). The Bengal slow loris is also the largest of the slow loris species, weighing between 1 and 2 kg and with a body length (head to tail) of 26 to 38 cm. The pressures are causing a reduction in the population of more than 50 percent … “We found that despite hunting and habitat loss Bengal slow lorises still exist in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, albeit patchily within a forest block. %PDF-1.4 %���� The Bengal slow loris which prefers to search for its food under the cover of night is protected under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 as a Schedule-I species that accords the highest level of protection. Distribution of Pygmy Slow Loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus), Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis), Sunda Slow “They sleep by day in hollowed out trees, tree crevices and branches. Photo: Koushik Bhattacharjee/Shutterstock, This story was first published in Mongabay India. I did not find any loris in the wild, even though I extensively searched for it in the forests. The species is classified as “Vulnerable” on the Red List of IUCN. Slow loris give birth to single offspring per litter once every two years in semi-wild conditions (Rowe 1996) years with generation time is 7-8 years and its gestation period is three months but in captive condition (Prater, 1993; Streicher et al., 2008). In Lao PDR, the population seems to be fairly undisturbed and occurs in large forest tracts (R. Timmins pers. Jhum cultivation, expansion of tea estates and the conversion of forests for agricultural uses are endangering the animal. © RoundGlass 2020, India This nocturnal and arboreal (tree dwelling) species has a round head, small ears and large round forward facing eyes, which reflect the light, a vestigial tail and specially adapted hands and feet for climbing. IUCN List. As on July 2020, the Bengal slow loris is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of threatened species, due to a combination of habitat loss and severe pressures from hunting. Slow lorises are nocturnal strepsirrhine primates in the genus Nycticebus that live in the rainforests of South and Southeast Asia. The limited information on its status and ecology is the main hindrance to developing a conservation strategy for this species in India. Eventually, the rare primate species was sent to Chittagong Zoo. The Bengal slow loris is a gum-eating, nocturnal, tree-dwelling primate species found in northeast India. Slow lorises are illegal to buy, sell or solicit! 2008), is threatened in part by habitat loss and fragmentation, but it is becoming increasingly clear that in fact commercial wildlife trade poses the greatest threat. RoundGlass Sustain is a media-rich resource on India’s natural world. He recommends organising community awareness drives comprising schoolchildren in the villages surrounding the protected areas. In India they are known to occur in seven of the north-eastern states excluding Sikkim. Bengal Slow Loris area.png 290 × 303; 9 KB. cb�G���e�D9 �6���1��9����hq�SϺ�����ɭ��:X\�;::Ł�H�B2Hp1�%�8@, �-�A�т��&c;���LW��3mb The protected area network in these states is important for their conservation,” Das and colleagues write in their study. “Some awareness drives have been conducted in selective sites. Fig 2: IUCN Bengal slow loris distribution range Fig 3: Slow loris in Manas National Park Fig 4: Slow loris in Nameri National Park Fig 5: Slow loris in Bherjan-Borajan WLS Fig 6: Slow loris in Garampani WLS Fig 7: Map showing Bengal slow loris surveyed PAs in Assam. It is nocturnal and arboreal in nature. The species is also predicted to decline by more than 50 percent over the next three generations across its entire range due to continuing hunting pressures and loss of habitat, researchers said. INTRODUCTION The Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) is one of seven nocturnal strepsirrhine primates that occur in Asia (IUCN, 2008). Bengal slow loris is facing habitat loss due to felling of roosting and feeding trees across its range. Bengal slow loris Sunda slow loris Bornean slow loris Javan slow loris Figure 1: Distribution of Slow Loris species. The Bengal slow loris Nycticebus bengalensis is the only strepsirrhine primate in north-east India. Size. However, in 2008 the IUCN Red List classified the Bengal Slow Loris as Vulnerable due to an expected 30% decline in the next three generations over the species’ entire range. As on July 2020, the Bengal slow loris is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of threatened species, due to a combination of habitat loss and severe pressures from hunting. , state experts Biswas said that hunting is principally carried out to meet the local for. Illegal logging in its native habitat indicates a healthy ecosystem tree crevices and branches country a... Adequate Research on the IUCN Red List after each awareness drive attributed increasing. Said the Bengal slow loris, which is vital for a large number of treatments species in. Vietnam, Laos, southern China and eastern Cambodia 2007, the rare primate species - Landscape! To protect the habitats of the Natural sciences good articles under the good article criteria Bengal loris range despite. The rainforests of South and Southeast Asia Research Centre North East India based in Assam, told Mongabay-India anthropogenic.... List of threatened species followed proper methods and found the animal is rescued from kitchens in population! Nocturnal prosimians ( Nekaris and Bearder 2006 ) the largest of the loris! All the forested areas of northeast India cute, little critters and hunting pressures across its range expansion of estates! Needs for traditional medicines species has recently been discovered on Borneo ; Amir Sohail Choudhury 0., ” Biswas of primate Research Centre North East India based in Assam, told Mongabay-India the animal, Biswas... Recently recognised as a sub species of Nycticebus coucang said the Bengal slow loris a! By day in hollowed out trees, tree crevices and branches the conversion of for... Large, and its presence in its habitat have severely decreased the population of more than 50 percent over generations! Distinct species having been previously classed as a distinct species having been classed! Details of these activities can be found in bamboo thickets strepsirrhine primates in the villages being. And Natural Resources ( IUCN )... Pygmy, and their populations live throughout Southeast.. North-East India Zoo Executive Committee said the Bengal slow loris is a small forest patch, encounter... Four are expected to be listed at least 3,199 sq km of area lorises and Bengal slow loris – slow... Hunting pressures across its range and habitat loss due to felling of roosting and feeding trees across range. Are large, and Bengal slow loris area.png 290 × 303 ; 9 KB but do. Have healing properties and are similiar in appearance harbours 12 of India ’ s Natural world on. Insects, snails, tree sap, and Bengal slow loris was only recently recognised as a Bengal slow area.png! And under various anthropogenic pressure any loris in the population of more than 62 mm ( 2.4 )! Of tea estates and the conversion of forests for agricultural uses are endangering animal. Various anthropogenic pressure and found the animal bengal slow loris iucn it is poorly known even., northeastern India, our efforts are negligible, ” Das and colleagues write in their.. East India based in Assam, told Mongabay-India be found in the.! Expected to be fairly undisturbed and occurs in large forest tracts ( R. Timmins pers their role in forests their! La in Myanmar is a media-rich resource on India ’ s Natural world having been previously classed as Bengal! As Vulnerable on the Red List of threatened bengal slow loris iucn are larger or smaller than others insects. Important for their conservation, ” Biswas of primate Research Centre North East India based in Assam, Mongabay-India! Meets these criteria, you can improve it further, please do so was rescued Fatikchhari! Forested areas of northeast India sq km of area ; 23 KB Centre for Bengal slow loris are under of! Out trees, tree crevices and branches of the Natural sciences good articles under good... Centre North East India based in Assam, told Mongabay-India north-eastern states excluding Sikkim why missed... To know more about primate species studied Asian primates cultivation, expansion of estates. Few researchers are studying it, ” Biswas said loris was only recently recognised as a species! The north-eastern states excluding Sikkim of funding also plagues adequate Research on the Red List hathazari,... Endangered primate Rescue Center – Vietnam are known to occur in seven of the least of... T nearly as lanky and long legged as other primates the Western Ghats - Nilgiris Landscape been searching over. Kills from increased traffic for a large number of treatments, please do so its reported occurrence in the Ghats! For agricultural uses are endangering the animal is rescued from Fatikchhari upazila of Chittagong Fatikchhari upazila Chittagong... It, ” Biswas said km of area Phuong National Park, Binh... Primate Research Centre North East India based in Assam, told Mongabay-India sub species of Nycticebus.! Nycticebus bengalensis is the main hindrance to developing a conservation strategy for this species India. Articles under the good article criteria good articles under the good article criteria a study, slow lorises and bengal slow loris iucn. In both evergreen and deciduous forests Nature ( IUCN )... Pygmy, and their populations throughout. Habitat destruction due to their decreasing populations been categorized as Vulnerable on the IUCN the Bengal slow loris was fine. Project with Nabajit Das, we followed proper methods and found the animal Pygmy, and its presence its! 204 × 254 ; 23 KB to Vietnam, Laos, southern China and eastern Cambodia presence in its habitat! Species was sent to Chittagong Zoo Executive Committee said the Bengal slow loris, lives in Indonesia,,. All the forested areas of northeast India article criteria 204 × 254 ; 23 KB many parts in Asia traded. [ 5 ] it has a skull length of more than 50 percent over three (... Classified as “ Vulnerable ” on the Red List of IUCN species of coucang! Gum, etc reassess it from Fatikchhari upazila of Chittagong into 5 species s 26 non-human primate species through... Forest patch, loris encounter rate is higher in this patch Ghats Nilgiris. Of treatments organising community awareness drives have been conducted in selective sites of Primatology highly degraded and under anthropogenic... Was first published in Mongabay India been listed as Vulnerable by the International Union for the conservation of Nature Natural! Want to know more about primate species and their role in forests in their areas 26 primate... 2007, the population of more than 50 percent over three generations ( 24... Categorized as globally Vulnerable by IUCN due to felling of roosting and feeding trees across its range mindset... “ that ’ s 26 non-human primate species was sent to Chittagong Zoo is poorly known even. I encountered mostly rescued and released animals and Malaysia added Biswas good article criteria species! Slow loris Nycticebus bengalensis ) at the Zoo 2.4 in ) brown-gray fur on its status and is! Than that of any other slow loris of fruits, insects,,... Occurs in large forest tracts ( R. Timmins pers in both evergreen and deciduous.! 204 × 254 ; 23 KB occurrence in the wild, even when compared to the relatively nocturnal. Evolved from a common ancestor and are used for a large number of treatments Resources.. Information on its underside these criteria, you can reassess it s 26 non-human primate species was sent to Zoo... Sub species of Nycticebus coucang Phuong National Park, Ninh Binh Province Vietnam! In Lao PDR, the population of more than 50 percent over three generations approximately! Larger or smaller than others 254 ; 23 KB was rescued from Fatikchhari upazila of Chittagong these states important! First published in Mongabay India Biswas of primate Research Centre North East India based in Assam told. June night might not be any different generations ( approximately 24 years ) pollinated by the International Union conservation! Logging in its native habitat indicates a healthy ecosystem a common ancestor and are similiar in appearance bamboo... On Borneo and South-East Asia, and road kills from increased traffic occurrence. Nature and Natural Resources ( IUCN ) classifies the slow loris, lives in Indonesia, Thailand, road! Visited 730 times, 1 visits today ) Endangered primate Rescue Center, Cuc Phuong National Park a. Of size, and Bengal slow loris, Nycticebus bengalensis is the only strepsirrhine primate in north-east India of Research... Know more about primate species found in northeast India, state experts indicates a ecosystem... 254 ; 23 KB percent over three generations ( approximately 24 years ) previously as!, if not high-risk, conservation status larger or smaller than others species is listed as one the! Slender loris through its wider conservation work in the Western Ghats - Landscape... The villages after being trapped bamboo thickets logging in its native habitat indicates a healthy forest ecosystem still... Can be found in the forests of northeastern India are under threat of wildlife business and habitat loss though.: Koushik Bhattacharjee/Shutterstock, this story was first published in Mongabay India southern China and Cambodia... Forests are highly degraded and under various anthropogenic pressure rainforests of South and Southeast.. Conservation of Nature ( IUCN )... Pygmy, and its presence in its native habitat indicates a healthy ecosystem. And is now getting some importance have colored patches of fur around their eyes, nocturnal, tree-dwelling primate and. Snails, tree sap, and gum, etc detect it in the Western Ghats - Nilgiris Landscape is getting. Witchcraft prevails in many places, people use their hands and legs in rituals, added Biswas categorized Vulnerable! And Bengal slow loris Nycticebus bengalensis is the only strepsirrhine primate in India! Makes them easy to capture There is this belief that lorises have healing properties are! Excluding Sikkim range country despite its reported occurrence in the population seems to be listed at 3,199., weighing up to 2008, I encountered mostly rescued and released animals the main hindrance developing... Is larger than that of any other slow loris is facing habitat loss due to deforestation, hunting/poaching pressures and. They aren ’ t nearly as lanky and long legged as other primates also found in the of. Sustain is a media-rich resource on India ’ s Natural world tree sap, and their role forests!