Women during this time enjoyed activities out of their own household, which other class women could not enjoy. [5] Oftentimes, a working class mother would not be able to keep her family afloat, which would subsequently result in the issuing of several new laws prohibiting violence towards children. [26] The third class that women played a role in was the "upper" working class, or the "upper" lower class. [4] Middle Uppe… There was almost a negligible change in the lower class though and this class still remained shut from the royal England’s political processes. The problem with the Victorian era is that there were very few families that had relatively nice homes, enough to eat on, and a decently successful career. [15] [19] [1], Like the middle class, the lower class was a very large class and was very populated. [2] The Victorian period was very prosperous for the middle class. [5] Most people in the Middle Class usually stayed there for a while since it was too risky to quit their job, lose their income, and potentially fall into the Lower Class. The images we have today of Victorian women, clad in fine fabrics, grand dresses, bonnets and petticoats, are the clothes of the upper classes. [14] Although it was a peaceful and prosperous time, there were still issues within the social structure. [4] A Public Drinking House Marriage From this source we can understand that the working class knew they couldn't associate with the upper classes so marriage was usually confined to their own class. Now we view tails as formal attire but during the late Victorian era, morning coats were informal dress. This quickly made them into the lower class citizens as there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this time. Poverty and crime were connected during the Victorian era and the justification of crime between the middle class and working class was different. [10] [16] [18], Pre 1914 Love Poetry from the Victorian and Elizabethan Era Conventional females were considered to be second class citizens who were expected to refrain in conveying their natural feelings and emotions. They were a very large class, and often very angry at anybody in the middle or upper class. [4], The middle class also had a very successful time in Victorian England. [26] © Copyright 2017, Power Text Solutions, All During the 1870's, long … Along with other cities in Victorian times, they enjoyed being part of the "workshop of the world". [17] Instead, they were landowners and hired lower class workers to work for t… Boys of a good family without money went into middle class professional jobs. [15] [4], There were four main classes that the women were divided into they were: gentry, middle class, upper working class, and the lower working class. This working class was further categorised as the skilled workers and the unskilled workers.Due to the revolution, the industrial workers got jobs thus improving their living conditions. [13] In reference to Source 2, the working class house was confined into small spaces. [11] Outline of Marriage in the Victorian Era In the Victorian era, marriage was not as romanticized or fairytale-like as depicted in many novels of the time. [4] The lower class included seamstresses, washerwomen, farm, factory, and mine workers, and domestic servants. [21], The Lower Middle Class was just as hardworking as the Upper Middle Class, but didn't receive as much money, benefits, or praise as those in the Upper Middle Class did. The middle class citizens built their leisure activities from the activities that the upper class citizens had previously done. As stated by Gaskell in the beginning of Ruth, walking was the common way of transportation in the Victorian Era. [4] - Country people had the opportunity to come out to the city to earn money. The lower class could have worn vests, small coats, or a dark hat. When it came to age, most brides and grooms would have been in their mid-20s. Some of the most frequent customers at brothels were young men in the military. [4] This quickly made them into the lower class citizens as there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this time. [4] In reality, things were not so tidily demarcated. Horrible Histories - Victorian Work Song, online video, 6 June 2011, accessed 25 August 2013, < BBC n.d. [3], Victorian London food shopping was handled in the same fashion, although the baker or butcher would brings his food to the servants entrance of the home. -Their foods were limited and low in quantity as well as quality. After the New Poor Act, most women were pronounced "able-bodied" and were forced to move alongside with the other lower class men, like in the factories of this time. [4] With the increase of people in the city, Victorian London began to build public facilities. The upper class did not need to work; their income came from the inherited lands and investments ("Victorian England"). [11] As a result of that, we have several authors and their popular books that describe life in Victorian society accurately. [13], There were three main classes in the Victorian Era: the Aristocrats, the Middle Class, and the Lower Class. The Victorian England social hierarchy is described below in a descending order pattern means starting with the uppermost power holder social class and going on further describing all the classes in brief. [4], The women in the working class had almost no leisure time because the men and total control of their money to spend, and they often spent it, and the women were rarely allowed to participate in leisure activities outside of their household (Johnson). Some of the increasingly powerful upper middle class categories secured their places in this upper class. London had gone through many different changes over its past, but the entrance into the Victorian Era was definitely a huge change. Both upper class men and women of the Victorian Era dressed lavishly in the daytime and even more extravagantly at night, while lower class men and women wore … Woman pregnancy was very dangerous during the Victorian era. [4] In 1837, the start of the Victorian era, Britain began experiencing massive changes in the culture of the nation and in the industrial sector. Social Class During Victorian England History Essay, Comparing Norman and Victorian Architecture and Lifestyle - Londonhua WIKI, How the Other Half Lived: Rich and Poor Women in Victorian Britain -- History is Now Magazine, Podcasts, Blog and Books Modern International and American history, Victorian society social structure. Although women in the upper and lower classes had many differences, they also had some similarities. [4] - Although they didn't have the most pleasant jobs, most factory workers were still able to provide the basic amenities such as food. [12] Throughout much of the Victorian era most men wore fairly short hair. Victorian era, the period between about 1820 and 1914, corresponding roughly to the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) and characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and Britain’s status as the most powerful empire in the world. Even though members of this class held jobs, they were considered part of the Lower Class. [4] [7] [26] [7] [4] Oscar Wilde expresses the separation of the aristocrats from the middle class during the Victorian Era through the use of three key elements, settings, structure of the novel and characters. Those who were fortunate enough to be in the Upper class did not usually perform manual labor. [4], Another option for lower working class women during this time period for a job was domestic service ("Women of Victorian England"). (More...) [15] This was called the Victorian Era because Queen Victoria was in control. The Victorian era saw the advancements of the industrial revolution, such as new agricultural methods (which improved the quantity and quality of food) and the development of the railway system. The upper class was like a royal class which was a lot different from the middle and lower class, which was roughly based of the income you had. [11] Introduction The Victorian Era is a remarkable time in history with the blooming industries, growing population, and a major turnaround in the fashion world. The desperate times that lower class women found themselves in periodically made them stoop to desperate measures, such as prostitution; in addition, there was an increase in abuse and neglect, ranging from infanticide, to abortion, to baby farming, which brought the nature of motherhood in Victorian England into question. [4] Some jobs for the middle class citizens during Victorian England were teachers and doctors. [3] The middle class before the start of Victorian Era was a very small class, and over the time period of the Victorian Era it grew to be very large. These radical middle class ideals eventually spread to the not-quite-so-poor as well. Marriage Source 1 " barely conscious of class beyond a recognition that the 'masters' constitute a different order of society into which they will never penetrate." This mingling of the classes actually helped to lessen the upper and lower class barriers as time went by. Research numerous resources on the world history topics! [4] Any worker was easily replaced with another of any age, or machine in some cases, to do the life-threatening industrial work for an incredibly low wage. [11] These women were usually single, and relied only upon themselves for support, often working among men of the same class in workhouses. [12] [2] [11] During Victorian England, the middle class was the most populated class of all the classes. The Upper Class was in a powerful position giving them authority, better living conditions, and other facilities. The Victorian Era and The French Lieutenant's Woman The French Lieutenant's Woman is a 1981 film of historical fiction, contrasting present day relationships, morality and industry with that of the Victorian era in the 1850s. PURE FINDER. Meanwhile, the Victorian era saw a rise in awareness of birth defects associated with reproduction among relatives. Not everyone shared in Coote's compassion for the impoverished and fallen women of the working class. The middle class consisted of the bourgeoisie - the middle working class. Here, Anna Maria Barry highlights five fascinating 19th-century performers who had a lasting influence on the world of show business Different Levels of Society Upper Class Upper Middle Class Middle Working Class Working 3. a s s Cl ighH 4. This drove the prices down on the wages and most poor class families struggled to even put food on the table. (More...) At the start of the Victorian era (1830s-1900), English society was highly stratified and hierarchical, and the population fell into three main classes. The white industrialized European was place at the top of a racial and social hierarchy and supported program enacted during the Victorian era to "civilize" colonial subjects through increased exposure to Victorian culture and literature, namely through education programs that place English literature on a pedestal that taught British moral values. - Proper weekday education was unavailable to them as it was so expensive. [5] Skilled Class - They had unskilled labors working under their supervision. During the Industrial Era society was highly stratified. The risk of death was more concerning to the lower class women. [4] The streets of London were filled with horse-drawn carriages and tightly spaced flats. The Victorians liked to have their social classes clearly defined. [2], The Working Class Of The Victorian Era Positives - The children in the working class received a basic form of education - Sunday school. ("Victorian Era Social Classes"). [3] The lower class contained men, women, and children performing many types of labor, including factory work, seamstressing, chimney sweeping, mining, and other jobs. [12] Museums in London like V&A museum, Tate modern have several artifacts that show the art and fashion in Victorian England. [2] Although prostitution was legal, many ladies of the night were arrested for crimes like public drunkenness or gathering in the streets. At A Glance: [11] Along with those, the streets were also a place for theft, sickness, and musk from the local factories. Lower Upper Class - This class include country wealthy gentleman and large scale business men who had made their way with the immense wealth they possessed. In the upper and middle classes, the family also included servants while the lower class family may have included lodgers. Accounts show that children born into working class families felt that their mother was the best mother of all. Their routine work was fulfilled by the lower class people. Note: Footnotes & Links provided to all original resources. [15] How was Victorian poor and middle class Life? In the Victorian English countryside women even began to band together to improve their lives, both practically and spiritually. [4] [10] [26], A comprehensive Victorian Children history guide with facts and information on how the Victorian times impacted children in work, play, education and home life. [5] [14] Working class women wearing decent clothing. [4] In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. Dinner: For the upper class, dinner was considered the most colossal meal of the day. Victorian fashion comprises the various fashions and trends in British culture that emerged and developed in the United Kingdom and the British Empire throughout the Victorian era, roughly 1830s to 1900s (decade). [6] A surprising aspect of society in the late 1800's is that the wealthy upper class had their own curiosities about how the poor lower class lived. [4] [11] Dancing was one of the favorite things for the upper class women and men ("Women of Victorian England"). By today’s standards, the middle class of Victorian England would be equal to the upper class of the 21st century (“Victorian Era Social Classes”). The class that was below the lower class was often called the under class or the “paupers”. An unmarried woman of this class often spent a lot of time with other unmarried women of their same social class. [4], When thinking of Victorian England, most people picture corseted women and Gothic architecture; however, the real defining characteristic of the era was found in the extreme religious leanings of the people, which resulted in sexual repression and a profound distancing between the wealthy and the working classes. Women of the upper class, middle class, working class, and lower class were more prevalent in America. [19] [19] The new manufacturing processes that spun out of the Industrial Revolution presented new employment opportunities for lower-class Victorian women. Very large families were not peculiar in the centuries before birth control, with the Victorian Era being no exception. [4] As easy as it is to romanticize this period, especially given the push toward arts, a more gentile and sentimentalized way of life, and the stirrings of a more liberal type of politics, we must also remember the vast divides in lifestyle, and gender and class equality. [4], The lack of education that the children received resulted in that the fate of their lives was decided before they even became an adult ("Victorian Era Social Class"). By those ages, most working-class couples would have been in employment long enough to have built up some savings. Other jobs for the lower class women were barmaids, chambermaids, waitresses', and working in factories. The Lower Middle Class in Britain ed. The middle class often performed the "mental" work and they were being paid either monthly or annually. With limited currency for food, certain luxuries were substituted by more affordable versions. Factories opened up creating new jobs for the Lower Class and provided supplies for many. Once women married, Jalland notes, even upper class women risked death in giving birth. Few eras in history can evoke such ideas of contrast between the lives of different people as that of the Victorian era of 1837-1901 in Britain.