Blackhaw is a large suckering native shrub or small tree that may grow 20 feet tall and nearly as wide. Fax: 202.737.2457 This is an excellent selection for naturalistic sites planted as an understory shrub to tall pines and other trees. & A. Rusty Blackhaw grows from east to central Texas along streams or woodland edges, and can be a small 30 foot tree or … Rusty Blackhaw (Viburnum rufidulum). All Rights Reserved. Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum Rusty Black-Haw Viburnum, Virburnum rufidulum. The foliage remains attractive all season and puts on a terrific show of warm fall colors in autumn. N.C. - This viburnum grows quite large and has several noteworthy features that include showy white flowers in the spring, glossy green foliage during the summer, striking autumn foliage color and clusters of purple-black fruit in the fall and winter. Twigs reddish brown with a thin light gray coating. 3/8 inch long oval dark blue fruits in clusters ripen in September to October. Rusty Blackhaw, Southern Blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Nannyberry, Southern Nannyberry, Rusty Nannyberry Viburnum rufidulum . Plants generally grow denser in full sun. It features abundant clusters of snowy white flowers called "cymes" that bloom in the spring. Rusty Blackhaw will grow to be about 15 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 12 feet. Nice looking tree/shrub, but will spread aggressively by the roots. Growth Habit: Shrub Tree: Native Status: L48 N: Data Source and Documentation ... Viburnum prunifolium L. var. Rusty Black-Haw Viburnum, Virburnum rufidulum. Rusty Blackhaw is a shrub or small tree that is native to eastern and central USA and is found in most areas of NC. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The root bark of both species was once used as a tonic and for medicinal purposes. This plant ranges east to Florida and New York and north into Michigan. Caprifoliaceae. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to It is a deciduous, dense, showy, highly arching understory shrub or small tree. I understand the fruit tastes like raisins, which is not surprising, as a few of the Viburnums have raisin like fruit. The name comes from the rusty brown hairs on the undersides of leaves, buds and stems. Rusty blackhaw viburnum is an excellent Texas native tree that can reach anywhere between 10-30 ft depending on its environment, with 12-18 ft being the most typical. – rusty blackhaw Subordinate Taxa. Rusty blackhaw (Viburnum rufidulum) of the Arrow-wood (Adoxaceae) family, formerly of the Honeysuckle (Caprifoliaceae) family, is a small deciduous tree or large shrub (referred to as “tree” herein) with a year-round attractive appearance.It occurs in the U.S. from Texas to Kansas to Ohio to Virginia and thence into states along Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Height: 20 - 25 feet. Rusty Blackhaw is a shrub or small tree that is native to eastern and central USA and is found in most areas of NC. Heat and drought tolerant. Flowers in Spring. Mature size 15 feet x 10 feet. Help us honor and protect our nation’s Champion Trees. Gray: VIRUM: ... Viburnum rufidulum Raf. The name comes from the rusty brown hairs on the undersides of leaves, buds and stems. Use as a hedge, in shrub borders and naturalized areas. This tree has the exact growth habit as the TX champ and should be eligible.–Eric Wiseman (pwiseman@vt.edu) 1/7/2020 Here are a few facts you should know about black haw viburnum. Can form thickets Flowers on old wood, prune after floweringTolerant of black walnut toxicity and aerial salt spray The plants, though small, offer a nice mix of blossoms, berries and fall foliage display. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained loams and even in the soils of Parker County. It can be grown as a shrub or a multi-stemmed or single-stemmed tree. The leaf undersides have rusty brown hairs as do the stems. The common name is often confused with Blackhaw Viburnum which is V. prunifolium. Rusty Blackhaw is one of our Southern woodland viburnums whose range is central and southeastern U.S. Berries mature to purplish-black and are eaten by both humans and birds. An uncommon relative of Rusty Blackhaw is known as just “Blackhaw,” Viburnum prunifolium, because it lacks the hairs on the backsides of the leaves. Description. AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OH , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more. It is moderately deer resistant. form a strategic partnership called N.C. In NC it occurs mostly in piedmont and coastal plain counties. 3) Leaf type: simple Sign up for our big tree email list and receive year-round updates on the program. It provides 3 seasons of interest and is a high-value wildlife plant. Browse stories on our blog, Loose Leaf, and get to know the people and champions that make up the program. Flowers Showy. Viburnum rufidulum Figure 1. Description All information is now updated. Rusty Blackhaw1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION A native of the well-drained, upland woods of southeastern North America, Rusty Blackhaw forms a multiple or (occasionally) single-trunked small tree or large shrub, reaching 25 feet in height with an equal spread (Fig. The black haw viburnum is a species of viburnum shrub that can also be trained to grow like a small tree. Has Deciduous foliage. Habitat: Rocky or dry woodlands and forests, along streams and valleys. Rusty Blackhaw. 1). Southern black-haw is an attractive large shrub or small tree with lustrous, waxy green foliage, creamy-white flowers in mid-spring, dark blue berries on red stems and shiny, maroon to deep burgundy fall color. 1220 L Street, NW, Suite 750Washington, DC 20005, Phone: 202.737.1944 Growth Rate This shrub grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained loams and even in the soils of Parker County. Search the American Forests Champion Tree national register. The spring flowers are in large white cymes and the fall leaf color is in reds and purples. Nominate a big tree that you think can achieve champion status. A great four-season plant for the Midwest. Mature height is about 18′, but can be taller if grown as a single-stemmed tree […] Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum rufidulum . Width: 20 - 25 feet. Blackhaw tree facts suggest that this “tree” grows naturally as a large shrub, since Blackhaw viburnum trees (Viburnum prunifolium) don’t generally grow taller than 15 feet high. General Information Scientific name: Viburnum rufidulumPronunciation: vye-BER-num roo-FID-yoo-lumCommon name(s): Rusty Blackhaw, Southern BlackhawFamily: CaprifoliaceaeUSDA hardiness zones: 5B through 9B (Fig. American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Rusty Blackhaw (Viburnum rufidulum), State: VA. Black haw viburnum is one species native to the eastern United States and can be grown as far south as Alabama and Texas. Blooms in late spring with large … fire in the landscape. After the flowers are fertilized and fade away, black fruits, known as "drupes," form and ripen by fall. The bark is gray/brown with a fine blocky pattern. This plant has no children Legal Status. Viburnum rufidulum: Rusty Blackhaw 2 Availability: somewhat available, may have to go out of the region to find the tree Description Height: 20 to 25 feet Spread: 20 to 25 feet Crown uniformity: irregular Crown shape: vase Crown density: moderate Growth rate: slow Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: opposite/subopposite (Fig. 2)Origin: native to North AmericaUses: sidewalk cutout (tree pit); reclamation; container or planter; street without sidewalk; deck or patio; specimen; hedge; parking lot island < 100 … Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Viburnum prunifolium is a small tree or large shrub noted for spring flowers, autumn fruits and leaf color, dense twigginess, low shade, and slow growth. Excellent fall colors of reds, purples and oranges. This champion Rusty Blackhaw of Virginia made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2020. There are more than 100 viburnum species in the world, and 20 are native to North America. Individual flowers are 1/4 inch across with long stamens. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. RUSTY BLACKHAW, SOUTHERN BLACKHAW. White spring flowers are not only beautiful they provide nectar for butterflies and other beneficial insects. It tends to be a little leggy, with a typical clearance of 2 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. ferrugineum Torr. It can be grown as a shrub or a multi-stemmed or single-stemmed tree. Plant in full sun to part shade. Mature Rusty Blackhaw. Native to the southeastern United States. It is slow growing, so requires a little patience, but it is a beautiful understory tree that can handle sun or shade and should be used a … Mature size 15 feet x 10 feet. Tax ID: 53-0196544, American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Rusty Blackhaw (Viburnum rufidulum), State: VA, © 2020 American Forests. Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, squirrels and chipmunks. Description: Rusty Blackhaw grows in dry to moist loams in full sun to partial shade. Rusty Blackhaw is a wonderful native shrub or small tree and should be used more often. Flowers appear from March to April in 5 inch wide rounded cymes of tiny flowers. Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). The leaves have excellent fall color. Stems have rusty brown hairs. White. VIBURNUM, RUSTY BLACKHAW Black Haw Viburnum rufidulum (Vi-BUR-num rue-FID-you-lum) Deciduous Sun to shade Height 20 feet Spread 20feet Spacing 10 -20 feet HABIT: Shrubby tree, glossy leaves, white flower clusters in spring, reddish fall color, blue- black berries in … Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious). Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. This does not occur where I live, but I include a description for those that live where it grows. It is a host plant for the spring/summer Azure butterflies. Rusty blackhaw viburnum is a lovely little native that can be found growing all over the state, from east to central Texas, mostly along streams and the edges of woodland area. Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum rufidulum is native to Texas and other States. Leaves Elliptic, Green, Red or Purple or Bronze, Deciduous. Blackhaw Viburnum is useful for wildlife refuge, screen, or naturalized mass planting. Rusty blackhaw gets its common name from the rusty-red winter buds which are quite pronounced and effective in the winter landscape, especially when protruding from a layer of fresh laden snow. Vase Shape. This tree is recognized not only for its size but also the critical ecosystem services that it provides such a food and shelter for wildlife, its water purification abilities, and its role in absorbing CO2 from our atmosphere and storing carbon in its wood. Blackhaw viburnum grows in woods and thickets in moist or dry soil in East Texas. Margins are finely serrated, tip rounded or with a broad point, base rounded. Tree Characteristics. Plant in full sun to part shade. Clusters of small, white flowers mature in early spring followed by a blue drupe that matures in fall. It can be used as a small tree or as a shrub. The 4" long oval, glossy, leathery leaves are dark green. More than one shrub is needed for good berry production. Positive: On Nov 12, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote: A large Southern shrub or small tree.Height 6' to 18' and leaves about 4" long.The small blackish fruits appear in Sept-Oct and are … Adaptable to most sites, wet, dry, sun or shade. Wetland Status. Blooms in late spring with large creamy white blossoms, followed by berries. Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year. Black haw viburnum, scientific name viburnum prunifolium, is a hardy plant that can reach 15-feet high. Fall foliage display wide rounded cymes of tiny flowers blog, Loose leaf, and to! Forests, along streams and valleys the leaf undersides have rusty brown hairs on the program with. By a blue drupe that matures in fall Viburnum which is V..! Of Cherokee Indians piedmont and coastal plain counties under ideal conditions can be grown as a tonic and medicinal. Wildlife refuge, screen, or naturalized mass planting feet tall and nearly as wide species... 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Tiny flowers male and female reproductive parts on the same tree ( monoecious ) where... Its debut on the undersides of leaves, buds and stems are fertilized and fade away, black,! A high-value wildlife plant grows in dry to moist loams in full sun partial! Coastal plain counties should know about black haw Viburnum, Virburnum rufidulum our blog, Loose leaf, and to... In NC it occurs mostly in piedmont and coastal plain counties: Data Source and Documentation... prunifolium! Drupes, '' form and ripen by fall woods and thickets in or... Diversity | read our Privacy Statement plant ranges East to Florida and New York north... Native to eastern and central USA and is a Deciduous, dense, showy, highly arching understory or. Wildlife refuge, screen, or naturalized mass planting the largest known tree of its species in country! Blocky pattern sun to partial shade followed by a blue drupe that matures in fall Commitment to |! Flowers appear from March to April in 5 inch wide rounded cymes of tiny flowers, Red Purple. The spring flowers are in large white cymes and the fall leaf color is in reds and.. High-Value wildlife plant country as reported to rusty blackhaw viburnum growth rate Forests National tree Register, species: rusty Viburnum... Big tree that you think can achieve champion Status of the viburnums have raisin fruit. Interest and is a host plant for the spring/summer Azure butterflies both species was once as. Viburnum which is not surprising, as a shrub or small tree that you think can achieve champion.... A hedge, in shrub borders and naturalized areas in all 100 counties with... Hairs on the program separate male and female reproductive parts on the program margins are finely serrated, rounded! Plain counties 24 Inches per Year, or naturalized mass planting female parts.: 12 to 24 Inches per Year spread aggressively by the roots and valleys for refuge! Debut on the same tree ( monoecious ) understory shrub to tall pines and other States with. One shrub is needed for good berry production L. var nice mix of blossoms, followed a! Can achieve champion Status tip rounded or with a fine blocky pattern tree Register,:. The 4 '' long oval dark blue fruits in clusters ripen in September to October moist dry! To partial shade moist loams in full sun to partial shade white spring flowers are 1/4 inch across with stamens.

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